Robert D. Putnam, Bowling Alone (2000), chapters 21-22.

Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (1942), chapters 21-22 (pp. 250-283).

Sidney Verba, Kay Lehman Schlozman, and Henry E. Brady, Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics (1995), chapters 11 & 17 (pp. 304-333 & 509-533).

Jeffrey M. Berry, Kent E. Portney, and Ken Thomson, The Rebirth of Urban Democracy (1993), chapters 1, 3, 4, (pp. 1-17; 46-98).

Diana Mutz, Hearing the Other Side: Deliberative versus Participatory Democracy (2006), chapter 5 (pp.125-151).

Mark Button and Kevin Mattson, “Deliberative Democracy in Practice,” Polity 31(4) (1999): 609-637.

Peter L. Berger and Richard John Neuhaus, To Empower People: The Role of Mediating Structures in Public Policy (1977), pp. 1-45.

Meira Levinson, “The Civic Achievement Gap,” Circle Working Paper 51 (January 2007).

Morris Fiorina, “Extreme Voices: A Dark Side of Civic Engagement,” in Civic Engagement in American Democracy, Theda Skocpol and Morris P. Fiorina, eds. (1999), pp. 395- 425.